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P E N A R - 13 is newly developed non - alkali type penetrating agent. It shows excellent penetrating effect for alkaline treatment on cotton, especially in highly concentrated alkaline baths such as mercerization of cotton textile.

Physical properties of P E N A R -13

Appearance (at 25°C) Colourless or light yellow liquid
pH (1% solution at 25°C) 6 - 8
Ionic Anionic
Solublity Easily soluble in water
Composition Specially designed alkyl
  Phosphate type surfactanf

 Special Feature of P E N A R - 13:

  1. P E N A R - 13 show excellent penetrating effect in 15 - 30%. aOH solution and is very useful as an auxiliary for mercerization process of cotton textile.
  2. P E N A R - 13 is extremely low foaming type surfactant and prevents foam trouble.
  3. P E N A R -13 is also useful as accelerator for weight reduction process of polyester fabrics.

How to Use P E N A R - 13:

Principally use P E N A R - 13 at the ratio of 3g / liter - 7g / liter but this varies with treatment conditions and treated fabrics.

Packing of P E N A R - 13:

In 35 kgs. Drum.

(Our test results)

1. Penetration Test

Test Condition:

Precipitation method: Knitted cotton (2 cm * 2 cm)

Concentration of NaOH: 15 %, 20 % and 25 %

Concentration of tested auxiliaries: 5g / liter and 10g / liter

Tested temperature: 25°C

Test result:

 

Auxiliary                      /                 NaOH   15 % 20% 25 %
P E N A R - 13 5 g / l 2.2 sec 2.0 sec 1.5 sec
10 g / L 2.0 1.4 0.6
Other Product A 5 g / l 2.0 4.2 3.2
10 g / L 1.4 2.1 1.9
Other Product M 5 g / l 17.0 15.4 10.5
10 g / L 3.2 3.2 3.0
Other Product T 5 g / l 2.4 4.8 5.4
10 g / L 2.0 1.8 2.9

 

2. Foaming Test

  Test Condition:

Churn the test liquid for 30 seconds with electric mixer, then measure the foam height after 10 seconds and 30 seconds.

Concentration of NaOH: 15 %, 20 % and 25 %

Concentration of tested auxiliaries : 5g / liter and 10g / liter and 10g / liter volume of tested liquid : 100 cc

 

Auxiliary                      /                 NaOH   15 % 20 % 25 %
    10 sec 30 sec 10 sec 30 sec 10 sec 30 sec
P E N A R - 13 5 g / l 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 g / L 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Product A 5 g / l 3 3 5 7 6 6
10 g / L 5 5 5 7 9 9
Other Product M 5 g / l 5 3 7 5 9 7
10 g / L 12 10 13 13 15 13
Other Product T 5 g / l 9 25 8 6 5 13
10 g / L 25 21 12 11 8 8

 

 

 
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